Bali is More than Paradise: newest entry of our Gender Senior Advisor´s Blog on gender, climate change and more
Bali hosts the 2014 Summit on Women and Climate. Lorena Aguilar gives us a scoop of what happened during this meeting.
For four days, more than 100 people from these two funds have been discussing how to bring together the environmental agenda to the women's rights approach under the topic of gender and climate change. Our role representing IUCN's Global Gender Office has been to share our experience in this matter and guide the discussions.
This blog entry is also available in the Huffingtonpost
Planning landscape restoration often means evaluating forest health, water flows, or the availability of choice seedlings. It should also mean talking to women.
By Lorena Aguilar
Women are the land users of the world. In most countries they play a large role in managing natural resources for their families’ and communities’ wellbeing.
In Tanzania, where men increasingly migrate for work, women herd livestock and manage family pasturelands.
In Nepal, they the select the crops for family farms.
In Mauritius, they replant lost mangroves.
Yet when large-scale, landscape-level decisions about land use are made, women’s needs and expertise are often not considered, their essential perspectives left out of final plans.
That why we are delighted to introduce a new blog series hosted by IUCN on gender and restoration. Forest landscape restoration is an important and innovative approach to bringing natural function back to degraded land in a way that benefits nature and people. But key questions need to be answered: can women's existing roles and knowledge be leveraged to advance the restoration process? Will a lack of rights to land or title mean women will be left out of this second natural revolution? Can the large and growing global restoration movement benefit women and men alike?
July is up and we couldn´t spend another month without sharing the wonderful work we (and our partners) have done this past semester. We are so proud of everything we account for, and the great job of organizations and civil society working for a more gender equality-based society, one that has a key role on environment protection, climate change adaptation and knowlegde.
Here are our monthly accomplishments:
· Special Climate Change Program (PECC) 2014-2018. Published at the end of April 2014 as a result of the partnership between the UNDP, Alianza Mexico REDD+ and IUCN. It includes a section on gender and climate change in Chapter 1, eight gender specific lines of action, as well as 11 strategies and 35 cross-cutting lines of action which correspond to the National Program for Equal Opportunities and Non-Discrimination against Women (PROIGUALDAD 2013-2018.)
· The National REDD+ Strategy (public consultation version – April 2014) includes 15 references to women and gender equality throughout the text and establishes 13 lines of action related to gender equality. The inclusion of gender lines of action in these public policies involved: analyzing the legal and policy framework regarding gender and climate change, proposing sectorial gender lines of action, conducting training workshops and work meetings, as well as taking part in a video conference on gender and climate change.
· Legislative agenda related to gender, climate change and forests. IUCN, along with Alianza Mexico REDD+ (M-REDD+), the Environment Commission and the Gender Equality Commission of the Chamber of Deputies, carried out a forum to address the legislative agenda related to gender, climate change and forests. It concluded with an agreement with both Presidents of the Commissions to:
1. Install a work group made up of experts to generate proposals to reform and include a gender perspective in the General Climate Change Law (LGCC) and the General Sustainable Forest Development Law (LGDFS), and
2. Carry out a detailed study of how the federal budget has been applied to gender and climate change. This will be carried out by the Studies Centre on Gender Equality of the Chamber of Deputies (CEAMEG).
It is important to note that these achievements are also the result of the continuous effort and collaboration of government, civil society, academia and international organizations.
Mozambique reaffirms commitment to gender and climate change; strengthens and validates national Climate Change and Gender Action Plan (ccGAP) in regional workshops while in the midst of political chaos. IUCN GGO facilitated a process in August 2013 in Maputo to support the government and its stakeholders in creating a national ccGAP. At the leadership of the Ministry for Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA) and with technical support from GGO, the multi-sectorial, multi-stakeholder ccGAP was the result of participatory workshops that generated key activities necessary across the national priority areas: Water, Health, Agriculture, Disaster Risk Reduction, Coasts and Fisheries, and Mitigation (including energy and forest-related issues like REDD+).
In partnership with the Africa Foundation for Sustainable Development, a GGCA member, as well as MICOA, the local IUCN office and key allies including Oxfam and UN Women, and with support from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), GGO was pleased to engage in the first of three regional workshops to enrich and validate the ccGAP. In northern Pemba, 32 stakeholders gathered to discuss key sectorial and cross-cutting issues and offer substantive technical feedback in the ccGAP, making it a more regionally appropriate and impactful plan for action. Two more regional workshops will follow in July and August, inputting key information in advance of the national approval process later in the year.
3. GGCA joint programme
This month, with continued support from the Government of Finland, IUCN GGO launched the fourth and final phase of the Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA) with implementing partners WEDO and UNDP. Having invested in awareness raising, capacity building and technical support in-country to more than a dozen countries over the last six years, GGO will concentrate on amplifying efforts in this phase (mid-2014 through mid-2016) in the following areas: updating the GGCA training manual on gender and climate change, conducting capacity building for a wide range of stakeholders including UNFCCC delegations, technical support to the UNFCCC Secretariat, advocacy on climate finance mechanisms, enhanced progress and implementation on 3-5 ccGAPs, and continued collaboration and coordination with the 100+ GGCA members from around the world.
4. Side Event in Bonn
Following the May technical workshop on Gender and REDD+, IUCN GGO –together with IUCN Forests program, USAID, WEDO, REDD+ SES and UNREDD – organized an official side event in Bonn in June at the UNFCCCC intercessional. It showcased some of the key messages and results from the multi-stakeholder workshop. Among them, ensuring a gender approach to safeguards and approaches for a safeguard information system was prioritized as imperative for effective REDD+ across all countries. GGO plans to follow up on this key recommendation by reminding Parties of the important opportunity to influence REDD+ decision-making at global level in September. The UNFCCC will welcome submissions on safeguards until 24 September. GGO will offer technical support to ccGAP countries and those countries which participated in the REDD+ workshop to ensure crucial gender text is integrated in the next round of negotiations.
5. Central America
The Regional Plan of Advocacy in Public Policy for the Access of Sustainable Energy in Central America is gender sensitive. This initiative, led by HIVOS in the region with the facilitation of the Centro Humboldt, has been a process where the national networks of gender and energy have contributed to incorporating the gender perspective at the national level and the GGO at the regional level. Now IUCN, HIVOS, BUNCA and one organization of each of the countries (Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras) are partners and will work together to achieve the actions and goals established in the regional plan. During the regional analysis, the organizations found that inequities in universal energy access have not been a priority of the state for the formulation, adoption and/or implementation of public policies that do not consider the different forms of sustainable energy low power as a means to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development. The Regional Plan of Advocacy has an objective to integrate universal access to sustainable energy and energy efficiency, particularly in marginalized populations to reduce poverty and promote sustainable, equitable human development with sociocultural relevance, in the medium term.
6. Environmental Gender Index
Earlier this month, the Environment and Gender Index (EGI) was featured at the 4th Gender Summit: From Ideas to Markets: Excellence in mainstreaming gender into research, innovation, and policy. The Gender Summits are dedicated to supporting and advancing excellence and effectiveness of research and innovation through the inclusion of gender, and this year’s summit was held in Brussels and hosted by the European Commission. The innovation of the EGI, as the first global measure of government performance on efforts toward gender equality in the environmental realm, was also honored with a nomination for the Katerva Award last year.
In her presentation at the Gender Summit, Michaela Saisana, who led the audit of the EGI methodology by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, noted that the EGI can facilitate discussion about best practices among the highest ranking OECD countries, and in the case of the countries at the bottom of the ranking, can help donors identify countries where they need to concentrate efforts. Saisana summed up the audit of the EGI as “statistically coherent, a good summary measure, and sufficiently robust to changes in the weights and missing data estimation.” The EGI has been well received online, often coming up as the 3rd Google search result for “gender index”, after the OECD’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) and World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report.
Key variables of the EGI are now being ground-truthed via global and national research projects that build on the country rankings published in November 2013. To keep up to date with the latest research results, or request technical support on gender and environment, sign up for EGI updates here.
For more information please click on the links below. We will be posting more of our work each month.